It helps if you’re a male, London-based property magnate, according to new research analysing the make-up of the country’s top 250 entrepreneurs over each of the last five years.
The findings also reveal that originally being born outside the UK, with a spare £12.8 billion will usually see you top the pile of the UK’s mega-rich.
With the publishing of the 2017 Rich List this weekend, projections estimate a ‘mere’ £113 million will be required to feature in this year’s edition, which details the 1,000 richest people in Britain.
The research from online start-up magazine TechRound also found the combined worth of Britain’s top 250 wealthiest individuals and families is likely to reach £467 billion this year, before surpassing the half a trillion mark (£507 billion) in 2018.
A man’s world
Perhaps suggesting a lack of gender equality, there has been no marked increase in the total number of women within the top 250 over the last five years and at the current rate, there would not be an even split until the year 2224. In fact, just over one in 10 are female (12%), of which just two in five (40%) are not listed alongside a male relative or spouse.
Continuing this theme, the very top entries each year are also predominantly men – the highest placed woman, Kirsty Bertarelli, averages a sixth-place ranking. However, the former Miss UK’s £9.8 billion fortune is combined with her husband, pharmaceutical billionaire Ernesto, and so the highest-ranked individual woman over the last five years has been Baroness Howard de Walden, whose role controlling the Howard de Walden London property empire places her at an average 29th place, worth £3.6 billion in 2016.
Sources of wealth
The most popular source of wealth over the last five years has been from property, with almost a quarter of the top 250 entries in each year (23%) making at least some of their fortune within this industry. This is a rising trend with 21% more members on the list citing bricks and mortar as their main source of wealth last year, compared with 2012.
Other popular industries for Britain’s super-rich include finance (9% in 2016), with pharmaceuticals and hedge funds on 3% each. The latter industries have grown in popularity over the last five years, overtaking oil, which was half as popular in 2016 than three years previous.
Not everyone on the list has obtained their wealth through these traditional avenues though – Bernie Ecclestone’s ex-wife Slavica (worth £740 million) features in each of the last five editions, despite her source of wealth being listed simply as “divorce” and an average of seven of the top 250 individuals (3%) in each Rich List inherited their fortune.
Location, location, location
Despite being a catalogue of Britain’s richest people, the upper echelons of the list are dominated by those born outside the UK. Over the last five years, just 8% of the top 10 has been made up of Brits and no native Briton has made it higher than the third-place Weston family in 2015, having made their fortune in retailing.
However, the research found that English entrepreneurs still make up the bulk of the top 250, with the most popular birthplaces being:
1. England (52% of the top 250)
2. Scotland (4%)
3. India (4%)
4. USA (3%)
5. Sweden (3%)
In fact, with less than a third of a percent of members across the last five years, Northern Ireland is beaten by the likes of Syria (1%), Kenya (0.9%) and Tanzania (0.4%). Wales (1.2%) does not fare a great deal better, with 11 non-British countries home to more entries on the list, including Russia, Pakistan and Norway.
Strength in numbers
The number of entries from individuals has decreased by 17% between 2012-2016, suggesting going into business with family helps grab a place on the list. In fact, an average of 91 out of the top 250 are families, rather than wealthy individuals.
Daniel Tannenbaum, founder of TechRound said, “It is fascinating to dive so deeply into what it takes to be listed among Britain’s wealthiest individuals. We have seen an explosion in the tech industry in recent years, so it is perhaps surprising to see that property endures and still takes top spot among Britain’s wealthiest individuals.
“It will be interesting to see what this year’s list throws up and whether some of these trends continue in 2017.”
The five richest people in Scotland are:
1. Bruno Schroder and Family (2016, 2015, 2014, 2013, 2012) have appeared in the top 250 in each of the past five years. Schroder is the great-grandson of John Henry Schroder, the co-founder of the financial-services powerhouse Schroders. The company has about $491 billion in assets and he was appointed director of the firm in 1963, a position that he still holds. In his leisurely time, Schroder flies his private plane and has a fondness for breeding Middle White Pigs at Dunlossit House in Islay, Scotland. A keen supporter of Scottish independence, he donated money to the 2014 campaign for Scotland to leave the UK.
2. The Grant-Gordon Family (2016, 2015, 2014, 2013, 2012) have also appeared in the top 250 of each of the last five years. The richest family in Scotland made its fortune from the world-famous Glenfiddich whisky brand. The brand revolutionised bottle design in the 1950s, creating a triangular bottle and was the first to open up its distillery to visitors. This is now run by the fifth-generation descendants of its founder, William Grant. It is the world’s third-largest producer of Scotch whiskey and has over £1 billion in assets.
3. Sir Ian Wood and Family (2016, 2015, 2014, 2013, 2012) Wood was one of the main beneficiaries of the North Sea oil boom which occurred when oil was found off the coast of Scotland in the 1970s. Wood transformed a very small fishing company into an international energy services company worth over £2 billion. Wood served as the chief executive of Wood’s Group from 1967 to 2006 and as a chairman until 2012. Known for his frugality, Wood also set up The Wood Foundation, a venture philanthropy organisation.
4. Trond Mohn and Marit Mohn Westlake (2016, 2015) cracked the top 250 for the first time in 2015. The sibling pair spend their time in London but were born in Scotland. They previously owned Norwegian firm Framo, an industrial giant that specialises in making cargo pumps for tanker ships and proceeded to sell the firm for £1.1 billion in 2014.
5. Jim McColl (2016, 2015, 2014, 2013, 2012) made his money after transforming struggling engineering firm Clyde Blowers into one of the biggest private engineering groups in the UK. To this day McColl retains a £1.02 billion stake in Clyde Blowers which itself is valued at £1.7 billion.
The full list of Scots on last year’s list (including worth and industry)
Bruno Schroder and family - £4,060,000,000 - Finance
The Grant-Gordon family - £2,160,000,000 - Spirits
Sir Ian Wood and family - £1,440,000,000 - Oil services, Fishing
Trond Mohn and Marit Mohn Westlake - £1,280,000,000 - Industry
Jim McColl - £1,070,000,000 - Engineering
Sir Arnold Clark and family - £1,025,000,000 - Car sales
Viscount Rothermere and family - £1,000,000,000 - Media
Sir Brian Souter and Ann Gloag - £1,000,000,000 - Transport
Lord Laidlaw - £790,000,000 - Conferences
John Shaw and Kiran Mazumdar-Shaw - £620,000,000 - Pharmaceuticals
Alastair Salvesen and family - £600,000,000 - Transport, Plant hire
Sir Tom Hunter - £540,000,000 - Retailing, Property