Three hundred years of farming in Berwickshire is the new exhibition heralding the opening of Coldstream Museum for 2014.
‘Agricultural Life in Berwickshire’ is a fascinating look at how farming life and technology has changed from the 18th century to the present day, exploring the social changes in farm labour, from early ferm-touns, through the bondager system to the highly mechanised farms of today.
Berwickshire farmers were quick to adopt new developments in agriculture such as drainage, hedging, ditching and the addition of lime to soil to help crops flourish. The iron swing plough, designed to be pulled by one man with a pair of horses, was invented by James Small of Blackadder Mount, Allanton, to replace the heavier old Scotch plough which required up to four oxen and two horses.
Modern day innovation focuses on Graham and Nancy Bell’s ‘permaculture’ garden which yields over 600kg of produce a year from quarter of an acre.
The exhibition is open now until Sunday, June 1 - 10am-4pm Monday to Saturday and 1-4pm Sundays. Admission free.